29 June 2019

Why didn't plants die after the nuclear disaster in Chernobyl?

Cancerous cells can occur in plants just like humans, but plants do not die for it. So what keeps the plants alive?

When it comes to Chernobyl, everyone has a disaster in a nuclear reactor. With the recently popular mini-series, Chernobyl is on the agenda again. Life re-emerges in the evacuated area of 2600 kilometers. The first sign of life in the region was plants.

Plants are also damaged by radiation and may have cancer. So why don't plants die of cancer like humans? There are several reasons for this.

First, plants cannot go from one place to another voluntarily. As a matter of fact, the plants that cannot go to the suitable environment make themselves compatible with the environment. This orientation can take a variety of forms, from changing leaf shape to lengthening and shortening the root length. Even in the most intense areas of radiation, plant life revolted within 3 years.

The particles emitted in Chernobyl were unstable and high-energy. These particles also affected the mechanisms in living cells. Although most parts have the ability to regenerate, DNA repair is not possible if damaged. Cells with completely damaged DNA are dying. Partially damaged DNA is trying to complement themselves. As a result, mutations occur. These mutations produce cells that grow, divide and spread uncontrollably. As a result of this situation, cancer occurs.

The reason for this is quite lethal in animals, the complex structure of each cell is very complex and special structure. In this complex machine, every organ, every tissue and every cell serves a specific purpose and usually only that purpose. Plants are much more flexible in terms of the original sense. Information received from one cell is transmitted to other cells and the plant continues to live accordingly.

Moreover, plant cells, each can take over the task. When you grow a new tree as a branch seedling team, that branch is technically separated into the root and trunk. Plants are dying or damaged cells are renewed much faster. In addition, the damaged structure in the damaged cell is difficult to pass through the cell walls. Plants also find a way to isolate and remove harmful tissue from their structures.

There was a much more serious radiation problem when the Earth was formed and life began to emerge first. Plants also acted to adapt to this situation. A similar mechanism came into play after Chernobyl, and plants may have re-used their inheritance. Some plants are known to undergo changes to protect their DNA from radiation.

We don't mean “Life finds a way, gibi but in fact, life finds a way. Especially after people leave the area. After the catastrophe that prevented people from sheltering, the number of living things in the region has shortened, although their lives have become shorter. The lack of people and their environmental impact have made Chernobyl one of the largest natural reserves in Europe. People were doing more damage to the nature and living things of the area than the nuclear reactor.

Source : https://www.webtekno.com/cernobil-deki-nukleer-felaketten-sonra-bitkiler-neden-olmedi-h71436.html
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